Tag Archives: Andruss

Who was William T. Anderson’s friend, F.M.R.?

FMR Flag

When William T. Anderson (aka Bloody Bill) was reported to have been killed, a friend known only as F.M.R. placed a flag on the body with the inscription “Let it not be contaminated by Federal hands.”  Author, Betty Dorsett Duke reveals the likely identity of F.M.R. along with several other illuminating finds.

Read HereWilliam T. Andersons Friend F.M.R.

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The James, Whitsett, Andruss Connection

Another good read from author Betty Dorsett Duke in pdf format. Click the link below and enjoy…


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Jesse W. James Handwriting Comparisons

Pictured below are three pages from my great-grandfather’s original 1871 diary, which is now part of my copyrighted (C) Betty Dorsett Duke Collection.  He signed his diary “J. James” and “James L. Courtney”.  Jesse W. James was his real name and James L. Courtney was his alias.

He wrote the entire diary in pencil, just as he did in a six page letter he wrote to Dr. Reuben Samuel, his step-father.  I wasn’t aware of this letter until Michigander, Matt Hamlin, sent the following link to me:


The letter, along with its complete transcription, may also be viewed at this site:


Both Jesse James and Dr. Reuben Samuel are pictured in the eBay photo of the James and Jackson families (with friends) at http://www.jessejamesintexas.com/ .

Matt Hamlin pointed out that the T’s in both samples are identical.  The same applies for some of the other letters of the alphabet.  While reading his diary I noticed that he sometimes made his J’s fancy like this:


Jesse James AKA James L. Courtney signed his 1871 diary “J. James”.

And other times he made his J’s plain – like he did in his signature on the Christie’s letter pictured on the right below.  The slant, writing style, and spelling is also the same in both handwriting samples. 


A page from Jesse W. James AKA James L. Courtney’s original 1871 diary (June 28, 29, & 30) is on the left, and the last page of the six page letter signed Jesse W. James, which was auctioned by Christies for $175, 000, is on the right. 

Transcription follows:

June 1871

28 Wensday                                 for book .50

                                             for wagon grease .25 

29 Thirsday morning

for milk           .25 

at Decatur in camp back of the tin shop and remained there all day and in the evening went ahunting with H Pratt and Edward Sunderland and the tavern keep, and I killed a deer. 

30 Friday morning in camp back of the tin shop and rized up for to start south

for corn 1/2 lb             .75

for caps for gun           .75”


Another page from Jesse W. James AKA James L. Courtney’s original 1871 diary is pictured on the left.  The last page of the letter auctioned by Christies is on the right. 

Transcription follows:

“James L. Courtney

his book bought June 28/ 1871

at Decatur Texas  price 50 cts

if the oner should be found ded his uncle lives in cass co mo. his address is as folows E. L. Andrass Brosley po cass co mo

if the oner should be found dead the person he [maybe who?] finds this will please rite immediately to E. L. Andruss Brosley po cass co mo” 


Another page (cropped) from Jesse W. James AKA James L. Courtney’s original 1871 diary (scanned in black and white) pictured top left.  The same last page of the letter signed Jesse W. James letter (auctioned by Christie’s) is pictured again top right for comparison purposes.  Another excerpt from a letter signed Jesse W. James is pictured on the right below.  Compare the way Jesse James AKA James L. Courtney wrote the word “to”, (the first word in the third line from the top), is almost exactly like he wrote it in the letter.  Also check out the W’s, H’s, and T’s.  There are examples of my great-grandfather underling words on other pages of his diary:

Transcription of letter on bottom right:

“do & if we were free men we would do all in our power to put it down [illegible] Allen of Liberty made similar remarks about us to  [illegible] [illegible] a few days ago to but he will probably regret it.  if you value your life you had better retract your slander”

Jesse W. James”

Transcription of the diary page pictured top left above:

“W. M. Roberts

branded on the left hip B

to [two?]  marks [?]  [illegible]  [illegible] to under half crop

and the other under cut [?]  in the rite & and [illegible] half crop in the left.

John Hitson & Bill [John & Bill Hittson]

Palapinto co & Teresa [?]”

For more information on E. L. Andruss and a robbery attributed to the James Gang in Coldwater, Brosley County, Missouri click on the following links:  







More information about the Brosley, Cass Co., MO robberies – courtesy of Daniel Duke.  

National Republican article:


The State Journal article (Jefferson City, MO):



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